After an 18-year hiatus, Chinese Government bond futures are back. After more than a year of mock trading the CGB finally went live on September 6, racking up an impressive first day’s volume of 36,635 contracts. The celebratory first day gave way to more humdrum reality the following week, however, as turnover dropped off toward 5000 a day, where it has been bouncing around since. Open interest, a more robust measure of the breadth of participation, has been climbed steadily from 2,959 after the first trading day and has also settled to around 4500 contracts as of early October.
The Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE), the only stock exchange in the Philippines, was incorporated in July 1992 and began operations in 1994. It is the product of the unification of two exchanges, the Manila Stock Exchange (MSE) and the Makati Stock Exchange (MkSE). The predecessor firms each had histories dating back to 1927 and 1965, respectively.
Eric Forest, Chairman and Chief Executive of EnterNext (NYSE Euronext Group) talks to Focus Magazine on SMEs and how the recently created EnterNext is going to advocate on their behalf.
Chinese economy is undergoing structural changes as it slows down to streamline resource allocation. Misallocation of capital resources is blamed for the recent woes like cash crunch, credit difficulties and wild market fluctuations. Chinese capital markets are now called upon to activate idle funds and provide liquidity to support sound real-economy projects. Instead of sophisticated financial instruments, basic asset-backed securities seem to work just fine to channel funds to viable business projects.
The key question that has been posed to this panel is whether the global standards in commodity derivatives markets are fit for purpose. To address this question there are three sub-questions that I believe would be relevant in this regard.
The first one is why commodity markets are in focus for securities markets regulators in the first place? A second sub-question to this would be what trends are developing and impacting market infrastructure? And finally, what risks are being considered and addressed by market authorities of developed and emerging markets around the globe. I will share with you some of my observations around these three sub-questions.
This article presents ways in which an exchange can structure its rule development processes so that they are effective, transparent, and consistent.
Exchanges tend not to focus on rule development unless it threatens to impede business initiatives they want to implement. And that’s not surprising – new rules can be abstruse, time consuming to vet once they’re written, and complex to code or implement, particularly if rule-writers and programmers don’t work together. Amending existing rules, or even clarifying them to describe what actually happens in the market, can be daunting, especially if the rules were originally crafted to favor entrenched interests, or to protect local market participants.
On the June issue of Focus, we are pleased to feature an article by Daniel Labovitz, Managing Director at MarketReg Advisors. While the responsibilities of self-regulatory organizations have changed much over the years, and differ widely between jurisdictions, implementing rule changes is a sometimes overlooked feature of the process.
The Amman Stock Exchange (ASE) assumed its tasks on March 11th, 1999 - after the restructuring of the Amman Financial Market - as a private nonprofit institution with administrative and financial autonomy and is authorized to practice as a regular market for trading in securities in Jordan, subject to the control of the Jordan Securities Commission (JSC). The ASE is managed by a seven-member Board of Directors; four of whom are elected by the General Assembly and three are appointed by the Board of Commissioners of the JSC.
The Casablanca Stock Exchange was established in 1929. It has since undergone a number of reforms, the most significant one being that of 1993 which resulted in it becoming the market that we recognise today.
The Casablanca Stock Exchange is today a société anonyme with a board of directors and a general management team, operating under the supervision of the Ministry for the Economy and Finance with a specific remit. The Casablanca Stock Exchange is currently in the process of being demutualised.
Formation of a regulated market for trading began in the early 1980’s. Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA) was charged with regulating and monitoring market activities until the Capital Market Law issued in July 2003, and the Authority (CMA) was established in 2004. The CMA is the sole regulator and supervisor of the capital market, it issues the required rules and regulations to protect investors and ensure fairness and efficiency in the market. The Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) was incorporated in 2007 as a for profit joint stock company.