NASDAQ OMX Reports Fourth Quarter And Full Year 2012 Results

31/01/2013

  • Fourth quarter 2012 non-GAAP diluted EPS of $0.64, tied for the second highest quarterly performance in the firm's history; fourth quarter 2012 GAAP diluted EPS of $0.50
  • Fourth quarter net exchange revenues1 reach $419 million, the highest non-GAAP net exchange revenue level of the year. On an organic basis (constant currency and excluding acquisitions) fourth quarter revenue declined by 3 percent year-over-year
  • Non-transaction based revenues were 71 percent of fourth quarter net exchange revenue, tied for the highest level in NASDAQ OMX's history
  • 2012 non-GAAP operating expenses of $918 million came in below previous guidance range of $922 to $935 million
  • Repurchased 11.5 million shares at an average price of $23.82 for a total cost of $275 million in 2012

The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. (Nasdaq:NDAQ) today reported results for the fourth quarter and full year 2012. Fourth quarter net exchange revenues were $419 million, driven by particularly strong growth in our Corporate Solutions business.

Operating expenses were $244 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, compared to $259 million in the prior year quarter. On a non-GAAP basis, fourth quarter 2012 operating expenses were $233 million, flat compared to the prior year quarter.

Fourth quarter 2012 non-GAAP diluted earnings per share were $0.64, up $0.01 compared to the prior year quarter. Non-GAAP earnings per share in the fourth quarter of 2012 exclude $8 million of restructuring expenses, $4 million of merger and strategic expenses, $3 million in sublease reserve expenses, $2 million of special legal expenses, and a $7 million value added tax refund related to prior year periods. On a GAAP basis, net income attributable to NASDAQ OMX for the fourth quarter of 2012 was $85 million, or $0.50 per diluted share, compared with $82 million, or $0.45 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter.

"NASDAQ OMX ended 2012 with a strong finish to the year, driven by a significant pick-up in corporate activity coupled with solid performance in our U.S. options, U.S. proprietary data products and global index businesses," said Bob Greifeld, CEO, NASDAQ OMX. "While the volume environment remained weak in the fourth quarter, we continued to expand our diversified, global portfolio of businesses, increasing our stream of recurring revenues, generating strong cash flows and delivering attractive returns for our shareholders."

Mr. Greifeld continued, "Looking to 2013, we are encouraged to see positive, multi week inflows from retail investors into U.S. equity mutual funds and some signs of improvement in the volume environment. As we move through the year, we will remain focused on strengthening our franchise by ensuring we have the talent, structure and business portfolio to deliver for our clients and shareholders. I believe we are creating the foundation for growth and outperformance regardless of the economic, business or volume cycles."

Lee Shavel, NASDAQ OMX's EVP and Chief Financial Officer, said: "Our cost reduction plan was successful and we exited the year with $50 million in run-rate savings. In 2012 we generated in excess of $500 million in free cash flow, and we continued to deploy our cash flow in ways that benefit our investors. During the year, we returned $275 million to shareholders through buybacks, $65 million through our dividend program, and we purchased a number of attractive assets, including BWise, NOS and the index business of Mergent, Inc., including Indxis. We also recently announced the proposed acquisition of Thomson Reuters' Investor Relations, Public Relations and Multimedia Solutions businesses. I fully expect these acquisitions, coupled with our ongoing capital deployment efforts to drive substantial shareholder value in the years ahead."

At December 31, 2012, the company had cash and cash equivalents of $497 million and total debt of $1,976 million, resulting in net debt of $1,479 million. This compares to net debt of $1,611 million at December 31, 2011. During the fourth quarter of 2012, the company repurchased 2.1 million shares of outstanding common stock under a share repurchase program, for a total of $50 million. Since January 2010, NASDAQ OMX has repurchased $1,172 million of outstanding common stock, representing 53.4 million shares at an average price of $21.97.

BUSINESS HIGHLIGHTS

Market Services (64% of total net exchange revenues) - Net exchange revenues were $270 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, down $11 million when compared to the fourth quarter of 2011.

Cash Equities (11% of total net exchange revenues) – Total net cash equity trading revenues were $47 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, down $12 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2011. A lower level of industry trading volumes and a slightly lower market share were partially offset by positive revenue capture in both the U.S. and Nordic equity markets.

Derivatives (18% of total net exchange revenues) – Total net derivative trading and clearing revenues were $75 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, up $2 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2011. U.S. derivative revenues increased 10% year-over-year on market share gains and positive revenue capture per traded contract. European derivative and clearing revenues declined $2 million on lower volumes.

Access and Broker Services (15% of total net exchange revenues) – Access and broker services revenues totaled $65 million, up $4 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2011. The increase was primarily driven by the uptake of new products including 40G connectivity.

Market Data (20% of total net exchange revenues) – Total Market Data revenues of $83 million reflect a $4 million decrease compared to the year ago quarter. The decrease was driven by a lower level of audit collections and lower U.S. tape revenues.

Issuer Services (24% of total net exchange revenues) – Revenues were $101 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, up $10 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2011. The increase was driven by strength in the Corporate Solutions business which saw double digit revenue growth in the GlobeNewswire, Directors Desk and Surveillance businesses. In addition, Corporate Solutions revenues benefited from the acquisitions of BWise in May 2012 and Glide Technologies in October 2011. The Global Index Group's revenues increased by $1 million, or 8%, year-over-year driven by an increase in the underlying assets associated with licensed financial products due to product growth and newly executed product licenses.

Market Technology (12% of total net exchange revenues) – Revenues of $48 million in the fourth quarter of 2012 were flat compared to the fourth quarter of 2011. The Market Technology segment had exceptionally strong order intake of $95 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, rounding out a record year for new business wins.

COST GUIDANCE – For the full year of 2013, core operating expenses, including $50 million of expenses related to 2012 acquisitions, are expected to be in the range of $910 million to $930 million, with an additional $50 million to $60 million in incremental new initiative spending, resulting in total operating expenses in the range of $960 million to $990 million. This guidance excludes expenses related to our previously announced cost reduction plan, expenses for the proposed voluntary accommodation program and special legal expenses. We anticipate that the effective tax rate may increase in 2013, due to the potential loss of tax deductions resulting from changes in tax laws in certain jurisdictions. The impact of such tax law changes has not yet been determined. As a result, we expect a 2013 effective tax rate in the range of 34% to 37%.

CORPORATE HIGHLIGHTS

  • Agreement to Acquire Thomson Reuters' IR, PR and Multimedia businesses. Announced agreement with Thomson Reuters to acquire the Investor Relations, Public Relations and Multimedia Solutions businesses, which provide insight, analytics and communications solutions to more than 7,000 clients worldwide. Upon completion of the transaction, these complementary businesses will be integrated into NASDAQ OMX Corporate Solutions. The combination, which is subject to customary regulatory approvals, will create a global corporate services portfolio, with more diversified and comprehensive offerings to sell to NASDAQ OMX's listing and corporate clients.
  • Acquired the Index Business of Mergent, Inc., including Indxis. Announced and closed on the first acquisition in the Global Index Group - the index business of Mergent, Inc., including Indxis. With this acquisition, the Global Index Group is one of the largest providers of dividend-themed indexes based on benchmarked assets.
  • Appointment of Chief Information Officer. Appointed Bradley Peterson as Executive Vice President and Chief Information Officer. Mr. Peterson joins NASDAQ OMX from Charles Schwab. He will focus on driving the design and development of scalable and reliable solutions to further the growth and expansion of core products and services and underlying tools and technologies used by NASDAQ OMX customers.
  • Combination of Market Technology and Corporate Solutions businesses. Announced the combination of the Market Technology and Corporate Solutions businesses, which will operate under the name Global Technology Solutions and will be led by Anna Ewing, Executive Vice President, Global Technology Solutions. The combination will enable increased focus, drive growth across the company's technology businesses and create a dedicated software and technology management structure.
  • Combination of Global Data Products and Global Index Group businesses. Announced the combination of the Global Data Products and Global Index Group businesses, which will operate under the name Global Information Services and be led by John Jacobs, Executive Vice President, Global Information Services. The combination will enable greater customer focus and leverage of NASDAQ OMX's scalable technology, product innovation and robust distribution channels.
The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income
(in millions, except per share amounts)
Three Months Ended Year Ended
December 31, September 30, December 31, December 31, December 31,
2012 2012 2011 2012 2011
Revenues: (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
Market Services $ 603 $ 603 $ 698 $ 2,560 $ 2,886
Cost of revenues:
Transaction rebates (249) (250) (324) (1,104) (1,344)
Brokerage, clearance and exchange fees (84) (84) (93) (352) (404)
Total cost of revenues (333) (334) (417) (1,456) (1,748)
Total Market Services revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees 270 269 281 1,104 1,138
Issuer Services 101 93 91 375 361
Market Technology 48 47 48 184 183
Revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees 419 409 420 1,663 1,682
Operating Expenses:
Compensation and benefits 116 113 113 454 458
Marketing and advertising 7 6 9 26 24
Depreciation and amortization 27 26 28 104 109
Professional and contract services 26 24 23 96 83
Computer operations and data communications 10 18 15 60 65
Occupancy 25 22 22 93 91
Regulatory 7 8 9 34 35
Merger and strategic initiatives 4 (3) 1 4 38
Restructuring charges 8 10 -- 44 --
General, administrative and other 14 15 39 58 83
Total operating expenses 244 239 259 973 986
Operating income 175 170 161 690 696
Interest income 3 2 3 10 11
Interest expense (25) (24) (26) (97) (119)
Asset impairment charges -- -- (18) (40) (18)
Dividend and investment income -- -- -- -- 1
Loss on divestiture of business -- (14) -- (14) --
Income (loss) from unconsolidated investees, net -- -- 1 (1) 2
Income before income taxes 153 134 121 548 573
Income tax provision 69 45 40 199 190
Net income 84 89 81 349 383
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests 1 -- 1 3 4
Net income attributable to NASDAQ OMX $ 85 $ 89 $ 82 $ 352 $ 387
Basic and diluted earnings per share:
Basic earnings per share $ 0.52 $ 0.53 $ 0.46 $ 2.09 $ 2.20
Diluted earnings per share $ 0.50 $ 0.52 $ 0.45 $ 2.04 $ 2.15
Cash dividends declared per common share $ 0.13 $ 0.13 $ -- $ 0.39 $ --
Weighted-average common shares outstanding for earnings per share:
Basic 164.5 166.2 175.4 168.3 176.3
Diluted 169.1 170.5 179.5 172.6 180.0
The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.
Revenue Detail
(in millions)
Three Months Ended Year Ended
December 31, September 30, December 31, December 31, December 31,
2012 2012 2011 2012 2011
(unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited) (unaudited)
MARKET SERVICES
Transaction Services
Cash Equity Trading Revenues:
U.S. cash equity trading $ 283 $ 297 $ 385 $ 1,294 $ 1,617
Cost of revenues:
Transaction rebates (180) (193) (261) (854) (1,087)
Brokerage, clearance and exchange fees (74) (75) (87) (318) (375)
Total U.S. cash equity cost of revenues (254) (268) (348) (1,172) (1,462)
Net U.S. cash equity trading revenues 29 29 37 122 155
European cash equity trading 18 18 22 78 93
Total net cash equity trading revenues 47 47 59 200 248
Derivative Trading and Clearing Revenues:
U.S. derivative trading and clearing 124 110 110 458 471
Cost of revenues:
Transaction rebates (69) (57) (63) (250) (257)
Brokerage, clearance and exchange fees (10) (9) (6) (34) (29)
Total U.S. derivative trading and clearing cost of revenues (79) (66) (69) (284) (286)
Net U.S. derivative trading and clearing revenues 45 44 41 174 185
European derivative trading and clearing 30 28 32 116 128
Total net derivative trading and clearing revenues 75 72 73 290 313
Access Services Revenues 60 61 56 238 223
Total Transaction Services revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees 182 180 188 728 784
Market Data Revenues:
Net U.S. tape plans 26 28 29 117 115
U.S. market data products 39 38 37 150 135
European market data products 18 18 21 77 83
Total Market Data revenues 83 84 87 344 333
Broker Services Revenues 5 5 5 19 19
Other Market Services Revenues -- -- 1 13 2
Total Market Services revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees 270 269 281 1,104 1,138
         
ISSUER SERVICES
Global Listing Services Revenues:
Annual renewal 28 28 30 112 117
Listing of additional shares 10 10 10 39 40
Initial listing 5 5 5 20 21
Total U.S. listing services 43 43 45 171 178
European listing fees 13 12 13 50 55
Corporate Solutions 31 24 20 97 76
Total Global Listing Services revenues 87 79 78 318 309
Global Index Group Revenues 14 14 13 57 52
Total Issuer Services revenues 101 93 91 375 361
MARKET TECHNOLOGY          
License, support and facility management 27 27 29 110 115
Delivery project 6 7 6 27 24
Change request, advisory and broker surveillance 15 13 13 47 44
Total Market Technology revenues 48 47 48 184 183
         
Total revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees $ 419 $ 409 $ 420 $ 1,663 $ 1,682
The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in millions)
December 31, December 31,
2012 2011
Assets (unaudited)
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents $ 497 $ 506
Restricted cash 85 34
Financial investments, at fair value 223 279
Receivables, net 333 308
Deferred tax assets 33 16
Default funds and margin deposits 209 17
Open clearing contracts:
Derivative positions, at fair value -- 1,566
Resale agreements, at contract value -- 3,745
Other current assets 112 110
Total current assets 1,492 6,581
Non-current restricted cash 25 97
Property and equipment, net 211 193
Non-current deferred tax assets 294 392
Goodwill 5,335 5,061
Intangible assets, net 1,650 1,648
Other non-current assets 125 119
Total assets $ 9,132 $ 14,091
Liabilities
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable and accrued expenses $ 172 $ 164
Section 31 fees payable to SEC 97 106
Accrued personnel costs 111 132
Deferred revenue 139 124
Other current liabilities 119 112
Deferred tax liabilities 35 27
Default funds and margin deposits 209 17
Open clearing contracts:
Derivative positions, at fair value -- 1,566
Repurchase agreements, at contract value -- 3,745
Current portion of debt obligations 45 45
Total current liabilities 927 6,038
Debt obligations 1,931 2,072
Non-current deferred tax liabilities 713 670
Non-current deferred revenue 156 154
Other non-current liabilities 196 171
Total liabilities 3,923 9,105
Commitments and contingencies
Equity
NASDAQ OMX stockholders' equity:
Common stock 2 2
Additional paid-in capital 3,771 3,793
Common stock in treasury, at cost (1,058) (860)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (185) (350)
Retained earnings 2,678 2,391
Total NASDAQ OMX stockholders' equity 5,208 4,976
Noncontrolling interests 1 10
Total equity 5,209 4,986
Total liabilities and equity $ 9,132 $ 14,091
The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.
Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income, Diluted Earnings Per Share, Operating Income, Net Exchange Revenues(3) and Operating Expenses
to Non-GAAP Net Income, Diluted Earnings Per Share, Operating Income, Net Exchange Revenues(3) and Operating Expenses
(in millions, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended Year Ended
December 31, September 30, December 31, December 31, December 31,
2012 2012 2011 2012 2011
GAAP net income attributable to NASDAQ OMX: $ 85 $ 89 $ 82 $ 352 $ 387
Non-GAAP adjustments:
Income from open positions relating to the operations of the Exchange -- -- -- (11) --
Merger and strategic initiatives 4 (3) 1 4 38
Restructuring charges 8 10 -- 44 --
Asset impairment charges -- -- 18 40 18
Loss on divestiture of business -- 14 -- 14 --
Special legal expenses 2 4 -- 7 --
Extinguishment of debt -- -- 25 -- 31
Sublease reserve 3 -- -- 3 --
Value added tax refund (7) -- -- (7) --
Other 1 -- -- 4 4
Total non-GAAP adjustments 11 25 44 98 91
Adjustment to the income tax provision to reflect non-GAAP adjustments(1) (5) (10) (13) (32) (28)
Significant tax adjustments, net 17 1 -- 14 5
Total non-GAAP adjustments, net of tax 23 16 31 80 68
Non-GAAP net income attributable to NASDAQ OMX: $ 108 $ 105 $ 113 $ 432 $ 455
GAAP diluted earnings per share: $ 0.50 $ 0.52 $ 0.45 $ 2.04 $ 2.15
Total adjustments from non-GAAP net income above 0.14 0.10 0.18 0.46 0.38
Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share: $ 0.64 $ 0.62 $ 0.63 $ 2.50 $ 2.53
Three Months Ended Year Ended
December 31, September 30, December 31, December 31, December 31,
2012 2012 2011 2012 2011
GAAP operating income: $ 175 $ 170 $ 161 $ 690 $ 696
Non-GAAP adjustments:
Income from open positions relating to the operations of the Exchange -- -- -- (11) --
Merger and strategic initiatives 4 (3) 1 4 38
Restructuring charges 8 10 -- 44 --
Extinguishment of debt -- -- 25 -- 31
Special legal expenses 2 4 -- 7 --
Sublease reserve 3 -- -- 3 --
Value added tax refund (7) -- -- (7) --
Other 1 -- -- 4 4
Total non-GAAP adjustments 11 11 26 44 73
Non-GAAP operating income $ 186 $ 181 $ 187 $ 734 $ 769
Total Non-GAAP revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees $ 419 $ 409 $ 420 $ 1,652 $ 1,682
Non-GAAP operating margin (2) 44% 44% 45% 44% 46%
(1) We determine the tax effect of each item based on the tax rules in the respective jurisdiction where the transaction occurred.
(2) Non-GAAP operating margin equals non-GAAP operating income divided by Non-GAAP revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees.
(3) Represents revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees.
The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.
Reconciliation of GAAP Net Income, Diluted Earnings Per Share, Operating Income, Net Exchange Revenues(1) and Operating Expenses
to Non-GAAP Net Income, Diluted Earnings Per Share, Operating Income, Net Exchange Revenues(1) and Operating Expenses
(in millions)
(unaudited)
Three Months Ended Year Ended
December
31,
September 30, December 31, December 31, December 31,
2012 2012 2011 2012 2011
GAAP revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees: $ 419 $ 409 $ 420 $ 1,663 $ 1,682
Non-GAAP adjustments:
Income from open positions relating to the operations of the Exchange -- -- -- (11) --
Total non-GAAP adjustments -- -- -- (11) --
Non-GAAP revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees: $ 419 $ 409 $ 420 $ 1,652 $ 1,682
Three Months Ended Year Ended
December 31, September 30, December 31, December 31, December 31,
2012 2012 2011 2012 2011
GAAP operating expenses: $ 244 $ 239 $ 259 $ 973 $ 986
Non-GAAP adjustments:
Merger and strategic initiatives (4) 3 (1) (4) (38)
Restructuring charges (8) (10) -- (44) --
Extinguishment of debt -- -- (25) -- (31)
Special legal expenses (2) (4) -- (7) --
Sublease reserve (3) -- -- (3) --
Value added tax refund 7 -- -- 7 --
Other (1) -- -- (4) (4)
Total non-GAAP adjustments (11) (11) (26) (55) (73)
Non-GAAP operating expenses $ 233 $ 228 $ 233 $ 918 $ 913
(1) Represents revenues less transaction rebates, brokerage, clearance and exchange fees.
 
 
The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.
Quarterly Key Drivers Detail
(unaudited)
       
  Three Months Ended
  December 31, September 30, December 31,
  2012 2012 2011
Market Services      
Cash Equity Trading      
NASDAQ securities      
Total average daily share volume (in billions) 1.74 1.66 1.85
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ 23.6% 25.2% 27.2%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX BX 2.6% 2.7% 2.5%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX PSX 1.3% 1.2% 1.1%
Market share reported to the FINRA/NASDAQ      
Trade Reporting Facility 33.2% 31.5% 30.2%
Total market share (1) 60.6% 60.6% 61.0%
       
New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE securities      
Total average daily share volume (in billions) 3.39 3.39 4.14
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ 11.5% 12.8% 13.3%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX BX 2.5% 2.5% 2.5%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX PSX 0.7% 0.6% 0.6%
Market share reported to the FINRA/NASDAQ      
Trade Reporting Facility 30.0% 28.6% 27.5%
Total market share (1) 44.7% 44.6% 44.0%
       
NYSE MKT and regional securities      
Total average daily share volume (in billions) 0.97 0.94 1.45
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ 14.1% 16.1% 19.2%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX BX 2.9% 3.0% 1.9%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX PSX 1.6% 1.5% 1.9%
Market share reported to the FINRA/NASDAQ      
Trade Reporting Facility 30.6% 29.5% 27.2%
Total market share (1) 49.3% 50.1% 50.2%
       
Total U.S.-listed securities      
Total average daily share volume (in billions) 6.09 5.99 7.45
Matched share volume (in billions) 71.6 76.6 100.0
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ 15.4% 16.8% 17.9%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX BX 2.6% 2.7% 2.4%
Matched market share executed on NASDAQ OMX PSX 1.0% 0.9% 1.0%
       
NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic Securities      
Average daily number of equity trades 273,330 284,764 394,290
Total average daily value of shares traded (in billions) $ 3.4 $ 3.2 $ 4.2
Total market share 68.2% 68.5% 71.9%
       
Derivative Trading and Clearing      
U.S. Equity Options      
Total industry average daily volume (in millions) 14.3 13.8 15.5
NASDAQ OMX PHLX matched market share 21.9% 21.4% 22.7%
The NASDAQ Options Market matched market share 6.2% 5.2% 4.5%
NASDAQ OMX BX Options matched market share 1.0% 0.7% --
       
NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic      
Average daily volume:      
Options, futures and fixed-income contracts 379,905 371,230 455,341
Finnish option contracts traded on Eurex 107,373 70,211 46,557
       
NASDAQ OMX Commodities      
Clearing Turnover:      
Power contracts (TWh)(2) 453 384 494
Carbon contracts (1000 tCO2)(2) 7,503 5,009 29,908
       
Issuer Services      
Initial public offerings      
NASDAQ 19 17 15
Exchanges that comprise NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic 4 1 1
       
New listings      
NASDAQ (3) 46 40 44
Exchanges that comprise NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic (4) 9 4 12
       
Number of listed companies      
NASDAQ (5) 2,577 2,610 2,680
Exchanges that comprise NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic (6) 754 754 776
       
Market Technology      
Order intake (in millions)(7) $ 95 $ 31 $ 36
Total order value (in millions)(8) $ 546 $ 523 $ 458
       
(1) Includes transactions executed on NASDAQ's, NASDAQ OMX BX's and NASDAQ OMX PSX's systems plus trades reported through the FINRA/NASDAQ Trade Reporting Facility.
(2) Primarily transactions executed on Nord Pool ASA and reported for clearing to NASDAQ OMX Commodities measured by Terawatt hours (TWh) and one thousand metric tons of carbon dioxide (1000 tCO2).
(3) New listings include IPOs, including those completed on a best efforts basis, issuers that switched from other listing venues, closed-end funds and separately listed ETFs.
(4) New listings include IPOs and represent companies listed on the exchanges that comprise NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic and companies on the alternative markets of NASDAQ OMX First North.
(5) Number of listed companies for NASDAQ at period end, including separately listed ETFs.
(6) Represents companies listed on the exchanges that comprise NASDAQ OMX Nordic and NASDAQ OMX Baltic and companies on the alternative markets of NASDAQ OMX First North at period end.
(7) Total contract value of orders signed during the period.
(8) Represents total contract value of orders signed that are yet to be recognized as revenue.