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GLOSSARY

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Term Definition
Par Value

See Face Value

Hits: 301
Portfolio

Holdings of securities by an individual or institution. A portfolio may include various types of securities representing different companies and industry sectors.

Author: TMX Group
Hits: 243
Preferred Stock (Share)

A class of share capital that entitles the owner to a fixed dividend ahead of the issuer's common shares and to a stated value per share in the event of liquidation. It usually does not have voting rights, unless a stated number of dividends have been omitted.

Author: TMX Group
Hits: 318
Price Earnings Ratio (PER)

The number of times the price covers the earnings per security over a twelve month period. Investors commonly use this ratio to measure the attractiveness of particular shares and to compare shares in one company with those in another. P/E ratio = Price per Share/Earnings per share.

Author: Australian Securities Exchange
Hits: 305
Primary market

The primary market is the environment in which securities are initially offered to the public. Private and public entities can issue various types of securities such as shares and bonds.

Author: SIX Swiss Exchange
Hits: 292
Prospectus

Document informing investors about an offering of securities by a listed company (IPO, capital increase, etc.) or a collective investment scheme. Investment scheme prospectuses, which are given to investors before they subscribe, provide detailed information about the risks to which the scheme is exposed. They also contain additional information about the terms and conditions of the product and the way it operates. It is important to read the prospectus carefully in order to analyse the proposed investment.

Author: NYSE & Euronext
Hits: 253
Proxy

Written authorisation given by a shareholder to another person to vote on his behalf at a shareholders' meeting.

Author: Singapore Exchange
Hits: 239
Put Option

A Put Option is a standardized tradable contract that gives the owner the right to sell a particular underlying asset at a specified date in the future at a pre-determined price.

See also Option, Call Option and Option Premium.

Author: WFE
Hits: 296
Rating

An evaluation of a debt issuer by a rating agency such as Moodys, Standard and Poor and Fitch. The evaluation is based on the issuers credit history and its ability to pay its obligations.

Author: NYSE & Euronext
Hits: 237
Record date

The date used in determining who is entitled to a dividend or other entitlement associated with a security. Those on the register on the record date are eligible for the entitlement.

Author: Australian Securities Exchange
Hits: 311
Redemption

The paying off or buying back of a bond by the issuer. The term "redemption" can also be used to designate the sale of an investor's shares or units in a collective investment scheme.

Author: NYSE & Euronext, Amman SE
Hits: 241
Registrar

The official or corporation responsible for maintaining a company's share register.

Author: Bursa Malaysia
Hits: 248
Regulation National Market System (Reg NMS)

Regulation National Market System of the Securities and Exchange Commission consists of a group of SEC rules designed to modernize and strengthen the regulatory structure of the U.S. equity markets. Among other things, Reg. NMS promotes price protection by requiring that all trades, with limited exception, be executed at the best-displayed price.

Author: NYSE & Euronext
Hits: 416
Rights

A temporary privilege that lets shareholders purchase additional shares directly from the issuer at a stated price. The price is usually less than the market price of the common shares on the day the rights are issued. The rights are only valid within a given time period.

Author: TMX Group
Hits: 240
Risk

Chance or probability that an investment will result in a loss to an investor. Can also be referred to as the level of volatility returns attached to a particular investment.

Author: Australian Securities Exchange
Hits: 237